Copper is a soft, malleable and ductile metal and finds wide use industrially due to its exceptional thermal and electrical conductivity. Copper is also relatively inert, corrosion-resistant and has been shown to have antimicrobial properties. The largest application for copper is in the manufacture of electrical cables and wiring. The construction industry is also a major consumer of copper through electrical systems as well as copper piping in plumbing. Its corrosion resistance as well as its aesthetic appeal have made it popular in roofing, and it is commonly found in the construction of domes, spires and doors. Copper has nutrient qualities and is used as a fungicide in the protection of crops and plants as well as enriching the soil. When copper is mixed with zinc it produces brass, which is also used in a variety of industrial applications.
Refined copper usage worldwide from 2009 to 2019
(usage In 1,000 metric tons)
In term of usage by industry, copper is mainly used for building construction, electric and electronic products, and transportation equipment, which account for more than 80% of the market in 2020 as per chart below: